Improving ship sustainability by re-using engineering simulators in multi-objective optimization
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Alternatives for enhancing a cruise ship’s energy efficiency were investigated by introducing different waste heat recovery technologies and battery systems in the machinery. A ship designer’s in-house ship energy system simulator was applied in a cloud-based framework for simulation-based optimization. This multi-objective optimization with economic and environmental objectives used genetic algorithm for finding the best overall solution in a complex ship energy system design task. The results suggest that adding battery capacity alone contributes very moderately to reducing the case ship fuel consumption and, therefore, carbon emissions. Nevertheless, a combination of steam turbines and organic Rankine cycle units would offer the largest fuel saving potential with the lowest investment cost in the case setup. Also, the main engines’ running hours were of interest. The presented approach can bring significant added value for sustainable ship design with minimal additional effort.