CFD-BASED HYDRODYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR A SHIP SAILING ALONG A BANK IN RESTRICTED WATERS
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For a ship navigating along a bank in restricted waters, it is usually accompanied by obvious bank effect which may cause ship-bank collision. In order to avoid collision, it is necessary to provide control force and moment by using control devices such as a rudder. In this paper, CFD method is applied to numerically simulate the viscous flow around a ship appended with a rudder sailing along a bank. Systematical simulations are carried out for the hull-rudder system with different rudder angles at different ship-bank distances and water depths. The flow field features and the hydrodynamic forces of the hull-rudder system are obtained and analysed. This study is of significance for revealing the physical mechanism behind the bank effect and providing guidance for ship steering and control in restricted waters.